Sharing On Suffering Experiences As The Secularity Of Incarnation

Antonius Denny Firmanto


The changing context of the Christian life brings Christian life at a crossroads, the first whether to remain in a comfort zone or the second whether to enter into the realm of profane daily life. The urge to get out of selfness and deal with the public world makes the Church deal with questions about its own identity. In this article, I want to explore the question of incarnation in Johan Baptist Metz's secularity. However, the concept of incarnation is applied solely to Jesus Christ as the Divine Word became flesh. Ricoeurian hermeneutics could help explain the term secularity on incarnation to immediate. And corporeal suffering of the others. The turn to Ricoeur as a methodological resource for theology provides a philosophical account of the methodology behind critical theology. The article concludes that the human being in their relationship its suffering experience is an experience of encounter.


Religion; Critical Theology; Political Theology; Eschatology

Full Text:



Dotolo, C. (2002). Cristianesimo e filosofia nella riflessione di J.B. Metz. Filosofia e Teologia, 3, 495–509.

Gerhart, M. (1975). Paul Ricoeur’s Hermeneutical Theory as Resource for Theological Reflection. The Thomist: A Speculative Quarterly Review, 39(3), 496–527.

Henson, J. (1999). The Church in the Context of Political Theology: The Ecclesiology of Johann Baptist Metz. Landas: Journal of Loyola School of Theology 13(2), 48-77.

Losada-Sierra, M., & Mandalios, J. (2015). A Time for the Marginal: Levinaz and Metz on Biblical Time. The Heythrop Journal, 56, 411–423.

Manik, R. P. (2021). Polemik Antara Original Event dan Original Purpose dalam Liturgi. Studia Philosophica et Theologica, 21(1), 82–96.

Marsden, J. (2012). The Political Theology of Johannes Baptist Metz. Heythrop Journal - Quarterly Review of Philosophy and Theology, 53(3), 440–452.

Metz, J. (2001). Il cristianesimo nel pluralismo delle religioni e delle culture. Studia Patavina: Rivista Di Scienze Religiose, 48(2), 255–268.

Metz, J.B. (1969). Theology of the World. London: Herder and Herder.

Metz, Johann Baptist. (1992). Suffering from God: Theology as Theodicy. Pacifica: Australasian Theological Studies, 5(3), 274–287.

Metz, Johann Baptist. (2014). Facing the World: A Theological and Biographical Inquiry. Theological Studies, 75(1), 23–33.

Metz, Johann Baptist, & Ashley, J. M. (1994). Suffering Unto God. Critical Inquiry, 20(4), 611–622.

Moltmann, J. (2016). The Future of Theology. Ecumenical Review, 68(1), 3–13.

Myatt, W. (2013). Tradition and Innovation. Paul Ricoeur and the Dynamics of Critical Theology. International Journal of Philosophy and Theology, 74(4), 329–342.

Newheiser, D. (2016). The Secularization of Hope The Secularization of Hope. Political Theology, 17:2(June), 117–119.

Pattison, G. (2016). Hope. Political Theology, 17(2), 199–205.

Poljakova, E. (2017). Fyodor Dostoevsky and Friedrich Nietzsche: Power/weakness. International Journal of Philosophy and Theology, 78(1–2), 121–138.

Ricoeur, P. (1973). The Model of the Text: Meaningful Action Considered as a Text. New Literary History, 5(1), 91.

Ricoeur, P. (1979). The Human Experience of Time and Narrative. Research in Phenomenology, 9, 17–34.

Ricoeur, P. (1980). Narrative Time. Narrative and Media, 169–190.

Ricoeur, P. (1986). Life: A Story in Search of a Narrator. 121–132.

Ricoeur, P. (1996). Memory, Forgetfulness, and Hitory. Iyyun: The Jerusalem Philosophical Quarterly, 45, 13–24.

Ricoeur, P. (1998). Figuring the Sacred: Religion, Narrative, and Imagination. Pro Ecclesia: A Journal of Catholic and Evangelical Theology, 7(3), 371–372.

Tillar, E. K. (2003). Critical Remembrance and Eschatological Hope in Edward Schillebeeckx’s Theology of Suffering for Others. Heythrop Journal - Quarterly Review of Philosophy and Theology, 44(1), 15–42.

Volf, M. (2007). Memory, Eschatology, Eucharist. Liturgy, 22(1), 27–38.

Wyk, T. Van. (2015). Political Theology as Critical Theology. HTS Teologiese Studies, 71(3), 1–8.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Antonius Denny Firmanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats IJIPTh


Abstract and Indexing By: